In order for viewers to follow the story of a film, they need a lot of information about the film characters and their development during the course of the plot. Character traits, motivations, fears, strengths and weaknesses can be conveyed in many different ways and can be shown through a variety of cinematic means. Often the viewer already learns a lot about the character through the colours in which a person is dressed and with which he or she surrounds himself or herself and through objects that can identified with the person.
|RED||blood, life, fire, destruction, death, power, war, aggression, love, desire|
|YELLOW||lemon – freshness; joy of life – optimism; hatred, jealousy, bright, clear, free|
|GREEN||nature, growth, as face colour: illness, peace, signal colour for ‘go ahead’|
|BLUE||water, sky, cold, melancholy, faithfulness, resistance, passive, calming|
|White||innocence, purity, medicine, in China: mourning|
|BLACK||ashes, death, mourning, power|
In most cases we form an opinion about the plot and characters of a film without having to think about it for a long
time. As soon as we begin to substantiate our convictions and reflect on what we have seen and heard, we are actually starting to analyse the film.
In the series of different film analytical approaches, semiotics deals with the relationship of different signs in film. Charles Sanders Peirce has proposed a helpful classification with a distinction between icon, index and symbol.
*Cf. Klant, Michael; Spielmann, Raphael (2008). Grundkurs Film. Materialien für den Sekundarbereich I und II. Braunschweig: Schrödel